Joan McRobbie, Senior Associate, National School Reform, manages projects on instructional improvement, teacher evaluation, and compensation reform in multiple states. Previously, she served as chief of staff and ethics officer in the San Diego Unified School District. She has also held senior policy and communications positions that focus on issues of urban school systems and their leadership. In addition, she has conducted studies of student achievement within and across states and analyses of the contexts, policies, structures, and practices affecting achievement. Joan has published numerous policy studies and briefs and convened multi-state policy seminars to provide policymakers with the best research and thinking on issues of urgent concern. She was a Lucius N. Littauer Fellow at Harvard University, and she won numerous national, state, and regional awards as a journalist.